Chinese diaspora in Indonesia has been very old. Since ancient times, they had travelled, traded and gradually lived in all parts of Indonesia. Approximately Indonesian Chinese population has already reached 3% of Indonesian population and the largest overseas Chinese population outside Mainland and Taiwan (mostly peranakan or Indonesian born for generations). They have passed through golden times and hardest times during their existence, including during New Order (Orde Baru) era (1967-1998). On Soeharto’s heyday after replacing Soekarno based on 127/U/Kep/12/1966, Indonesian Chinese were required to change their real names and they had to adopt Indonesian names or sounding names. Even many Indonesian Chinese still have two names, Indonesian names and Chinese names (though for official needs they use Indonesian names).